Bone Grafting for Dental Implants

Dental implants are a great long term solution for missing teeth, whether it is from natural causes or extraction. In some cases, the jaw bone needs to be prepared for surgery, specifically dental implants. The jaw bone must have enough material for a dental implant to work properly, this is when bone grafting is necessary. Bone grafting is commonly necessary for people who have been missing teeth for several years. Because of this, there might not be enough strong bone left to support an implant so a graft is required. Grafts are important because they allow you to regenerate enough of your jaw bone for the implant to be placed successfully.  

If your jaw bone is too soft or not thick enough you may need bone grafting before implant surgery.

  • Types of Bone Grafts

There are 2 common types of bone grafts, an allograft, and an autograft. An allograft is one where the bone is used is from a tissue bank, while an autograft uses bone found inside your body, which in many cases comes from your hips, ribs, or wrist. More recently there are a few cases of synthetic procedures being used for a bone graft. Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that is very minor and is normally done in a dental office. A small incision is made in your gum to uncover the bone beneath, then the grafting material is added. 

  • After Bone Grafting

Recovery after the procedure is a very simple process, but proper care is very important to a quick recovery. After the surgery, you will be given antibiotics to help prevent infection and in many cases, you will also be prescribed pain medication and antibacterial mouth wash. There are certain types of foods that should also be avoided after surgery. Any foods that require vast amounts of chewing should be avoided. Make sure to routinely drink liquids, but do not use a straw as the sucking motions can disrupt the bone graft. To help protect the area your dentist may require you to wear a temporary denture or removable bridge. After a bone graft, it will take about nine months to heal before your dental implants can be placed. The success rate of the procedure is very high and the benefits are incredible.

  • Post-Op Oral Care

It is important that you take the right steps after surgery to keep not only the area around the incision clean but your mouth as a whole. The area of surgery should not be brushed for at least 48

Rinse your mouth out with lukewarm salt water to reduce the chance of infection.

hours. There are many alternatives to make sure you are doing everything possible to keep your mouth clean. The main one being to gently swirl warm water around your mouth then let it drain out into the sink. To take further precautions you can also add a small amount of salt to your warm water rinse. This process should be done two to three times a day to prevent infection. You should always rinse your mouth out after eating.

Bone grafting in preparation for dental implants is a very simple yet effective surgical procedure. The most important part is the care after surgery. The chance of pain, swelling, and infection can all be minimized if proper care is taken. Keep these tips in mind when recovering to expedite the path to your perfect smile.


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